Professor Dr.E.S. Rajendran MD(Hom),Ph.D
Chapter i: Nanoscience
Chapter ii: Homeopathy
Chapter iii: Physical Sciences
Chapter iv: Elementary Composition And Particle Size
First edition – 2004
Second edition – 2013
Second reprint edition – 2015
III.NEW LIGHTS – Lectures on Homeopathy and Philosophy
I.Nanodynamics – Nanoscience, Homeopathy, Physical sciences, Nanomedicine
II.Nucleus – Lectures on chronic diseases and miasm
Chapter V: Nanoparticles In Homeopathic Drug Potencies
Chapter vi: Comparison Between 50 Millesimal And Centesimal Scales Of Potencies
Chapter vii: Combinations Of Medicines An Investigation
Chapter viii: From Molecular Medicine To Nanomedicine
First edition – 2002
Second edition – 2013
Second edition reprint – 2015
Many lectures are already there on Homeopathy, and it is not my intention merely to add one more to their number. My purpose is to establish the positive aspects of Homeopathy as a therapeutic specialty, so that in future it may become an integral part of medical world and not an isolated speculative asset of some remarkable individuals. This attempt demands detailed study of Homeopathic philosophy in its existing form and more investigations into the basic philosophy on which Hahnemann built his own system. I have found it particularly necessary since my interest is to explore in-depth the theoretical and practical problems of Homeopathy and general medical science.
The intellectual environment of the twentieth century was not ideal for Homeopathy to flourish as an important therapeutic specialty. The strength of materialism was indomitable due to the fast scientific advancements based on materialistic tenets. Human optimism grew steadily owing to the stupendous success of innovations based on the concept of mechanistic model. I have tried my best to dwell on these realities with a neutral attitude.
The general philosophy and logic, which I have tried to elaborate in detail, are very essential for the total evaluation of Homeopathy. I have attempted to cover the vast stretch of Homeopathic literature with a principle of selection of its most relevant aspects, which have considerably influenced the course and development of Homeopathy. I hope that the present changes in the human thinking process will definitely facilitate the growth of Homeopathy and its better utilization for the treatment of diseases.
In this changed environment, Homeopaths need better understanding of the changing realities and they have to rearrange the present mental set without any bias. The rebellion, which Homeopaths untiringly practiced throughout the last two centuries, is not going to be a proper strategy for its growth and expansion in the coming decades.
This book is a compilation of the lectures, which I had delivered to the postgraduate students, at Yercaud, (Tamilnadu, India) in three sessions in the past three years. It also includes my lectures to the postgraduate students in various Homeopathic medical colleges in India delivered since 1997.
Homeopathy can be considered as the most recent development in the field of medical science. All other systems of medicine have been in existence over a period of the past thousand or two thousand years or more. Homeopathy as a science is a child, when compared with the other systems. It had its beginning in 1790. That was the year in which Hahnemann discovered the basic principle of the system. He published his findings in 1796 and the first edition of his Organon came out in the year 1810. During his lifetime he earnestly tried to elaborate the concept of similia adding many new concepts and practical methods.
Hahnemann originated and enriched Homeopathy without changing the basic tenet i.e.similia principle. He passed through the stages of practice with administration of mother tinctures of medicine to the prescription of diluted form of Belladonna and finally landed in the dynamization of medicine, which is an absolutely new plane of medicinal action utilized exclusively in Hahnemann’s Homeopathy. Hahnemann’s perceptional changes transformed Homeopathy. He had his own experience, which guided him to discover many truths. However he transformed Homeopathy from the simple theory of Similia to something, which is very difficult to comprehend fully.
When the whole medical science questioned the credibility of the new science of Homeopathy, Hahnemann stood like a rock and his system could survive the onslaughts of time. For instance, the Belladonna dilution, which Hahnemann advised for the cure and palliation of scarlet fever, was highly efficacious; it took thirty-six years more for the government of Saxony to grant official permission to use it for the benefit of patients.
The technique Hahnemann discovered for the preparation of medicine is unique in every respect. The very same fact, which helped the critics to question the scientific nature of Homeopathy, is going to be the actual reason for the Renaissance of Homeopathy in the future.
This paradigm shift took place not only with regard to potencies but also in his concept of totality. From the very simple method of quantitative comparison of symptoms, Hahnemann slowly evolved the concept of ‘totality,’ which gave the perfection to Homeopathy as a holistic system. With drug proving, the base and the characteristic signs and symptoms the building blocks, the concept of totality in Homeopathy remains as the most unique idea in the field of medicine. The discovery of miasms gave a distinct individuality to Homeopathy. This discovery also brought a magical curative power in the case of many diseases which no other medical science could dream of.
‘Individualization’ became the key word of Homeopathic practice. To individualize the patient with the help of all data is a hard responsibility of every Homeopathic physician. Success in Homeopathic practice depends upon the ability of the physician to individualize the case. In this respect, opinions vary from time to time as to how to individualize the patient. The difference of opinion in this regard threatened the unity among Homeopaths in many occasions. In many instances arguments were more or less partial and one sided with overemphasis to some philosophical notions that ignored the true holistic superiority of Homeopathy.
The transformation occurred during Hahnemann’s period was drastic and revolutionary. He transformed it from a material level to an abstract form. Many people wrongly interpreted Homeopathy as a spiritual science. Hahnemann’s strong resistance against venesection effectively isolated him from the general medical fraternity of that period. Though his opposition was true and fact oriented, the isolation of Hahnemann immensely harmed Homeopathy.
Hahnemann gave us a system, which is very effective but too difficult to assimilate. Some of the theoretical explanations offered by Hahnemann created more confusion. Close analysis of Homeopathy reveals that nothing could change qualitatively, Homeopathy for the last two hundred years. This has been a period of difficult survival for Homeopathy. I am very happy that, at least it survived and retained its originality to regenerate in future. Now it is very clear that the future of Homeopathy is bright because of its inherent strength of curing innumerable diseases without causing damage to the patients.
Homeopathy should clearly define what the areas of human health in which it can excel. The spiritualization, which Hahnemann attempted to attribute to Homeopathy, had a negative impact in its development. Homeopaths wrongly imagine that the potentized medicines are of spiritual nature. I believe that the unknown physical properties of Homeopathic potencies should not be equated with the spiritual powers.
Even though Hahnemann’s discoveries were beyond the level of present day physical science, they all are verifiable in our day-to-day clinical practice. The concept of miasms, dynamization, drug proving, and similia are verifiable in clinical practice. The real problem in Homeopathy is that, some of the theoretical explanations are insufficient, non-convincing and probably unscientific, but the practical verification is found possible in patients. The science of Homeopathy can never be established fully by the present theoretical explanations except with the help of positive results.
More than a problem of medical science, many ideas like dynamization in Homeopathy questioned the basic principles of physics and chemistry. That was a major difficulty in the process of acceptance of Homeopathy. In general, Homeopathy contradicted many of the existing scientific notions, but the results of Homeopathic treatment loudly proclaim the truth of Homeopathy as a curative method for suffering humanity.
The present status of Homeopathy as an insignificant entity in the world of medicine does not anyway reduce the responsibility of Homeopaths. Homeopaths have a great responsibility in propagating the truth of this science and helping to reduce the sufferings of human beings. In order to achieve this goal, every Homeopath should be an able physician with sufficient skill in patient management. Simply hiding behind Hahnemann will never help the Homeopaths to come out and establish its relevance.
The basic nature of Homeopathy essentially brings conflicts. Internal conflict is a potential factor that may induce degeneration. These conflicts are not recent creations. They existed from the inception of Homeopathy. It is not good either to forget the conflicts that Homeopathy creates, or to satisfy ourselves that we have found indubitable answers to the problems. To teach how to live without certainty, and yet without being paralyzed by hesitation, is perhaps the value that philosophy can still offer.
Lecture I. Philosophy
Chapter i General Introduction
Chapter ii Early Philosophers
Chapter iii Socrates
Chapter iv Plato
Chapter v Aristotle
Chapter vi Lord Francis Bacon
Chapter vii George Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
Chapter viii Rene Descartes
Chapter ix John Stuart Mill
Lecture II. History and Evolution of Man, Medicine and Homeopathy
Chapter x Brief Study of Human Evolution
Chapter xi Evolution of Medical Sciences
Chapter xii Discovery of Homeopathy and Life of Hahnemann
Chapter xiii Evolution of the Principles of Homeopathy
Chapter xiv Influence of Logic in Homeopathy
Chapter xv Hahnemann and Evolution of Homeopathy
Chapter xvi Evolution of Medical Science since 1842
Chapter xvii Evolution of Homeopathy Since 1842
Lecture III. Homeopathy – Its Principles and Practice
Chapter xviii The Sick
Chapter xix Logic of Homeopathy
Chapter xx Ideal Cure and Ideal Palliation
Chapter xxi Idealism and Duality
Chapter xxii Flexibility of Approach
Chapter xxiii Totality
Chapter xxiv Source of and Reason for confusion in Homeopathy
Chapter xxv Homeopathy – The true Holistic Medicine
Chapter xxvi Limits of Materialistic and Mechanistic views in the Problems of Organic Life
Chapter xxvii Mind - Matter conflict in Homeopathy
Chapter xxviii True Holism in Medicine
Chapter xxix Is Homeopathy Spiritual
Chapter xxx Suppression
After the discovery of miasms by Dr. Samuel Hahnemann, attempts were made by many eminent physicians to elucidate the whole concept. Even though these grand attempts helped the profession to move forward a few steps in the enquiry, nobody could reach a decisive stage of simplifying the concept and integrating it into the clinical practice.
There are many homeopaths who still believe that concept of miasm is just an extra burden in the process of evolving simillimum. For them, totality is very much limited to the ‘symptom totality’, which I believe is only partial.
All along I believed and practiced Homeopathy with a definite view that totality should represent the real holistic nature of Homeopathy. Therefore, I was very sure that homeopathic totality should include disease diagnosis and miasm as integral parts, not symptoms alone. Hahnemann’s assertion that characteristic signs and symptoms alone are the prime factors in the selection of simillimum, truly reflect the realities of his period. It is not imperative for us to follow the realities of 18th century as such. We can modify the concepts and practice as per the present day’s realities. Obscurantism has never been helpful in the long journey of humanity.
This book is a compilation of the lectures on chronic diseases, which I had delivered for the under graduate and postgraduate students in various Homeopathic Medical Colleges from 1992. I hope all these attempts made to elucidate Hahnemann’s chronic diseases may lead Homeopathy one more step nearer to the ultimate goal - that is, rapid, gentle and permanent restoration of health.
As an under-graduate, when I heard about Hahnemann’s chronic diseases, I could not comprehend what it was. This was more or less a jargon, like psora, syphilis and sycosis. After completing my graduation, when I started my career as a teacher and practitioner, I decided to enquire more into the mysteries of Homeopathy. I began with Organon and the Philosophy of Homeopathy. Secondly, I took up the concept of chronic diseases and then the totality. These questions were the core of my enquiry all these years. I have elucidated the answers to the first question in my first book “New Lights - Lectures on Homeopathy and Philosophy.” The simultaneous enquiry for many years helped me to understand more about the complex idea of chronic diseases, which is expressed as psora, syphilis and sycosis.
The methodology I adopted in this enquiry was an attempt to move parallel with Dr. Hahnemann from his early years of Homeopathy to the discovery of chronic diseases. In this process I got a portrait of the concept, which Hahnemann made out through the process of induction. If we insist that all diseases in human beings are the product of sexually transmitted infections like syphilis and gonorrhea of some forefathers, that immediately erects a wall of resistance at the unconscious level, in every individual.
Therefore, I do not dare to answer the obvious question - where, when and how all these diseases started. My interest is more or less limited to the symptomatology and presentation of miasms in general and each anatomical location and how new permutations and combinations effectively alter the diagnosis of miasms.
Ultimately, all along my attention was focused on a single question - how effectively we can utilize Hahnemann’s concept of miasm at the bedside. This enquiry taught me that integrating the concept of miasms to the totality makes it perfectly holistic, hence curative, in simple to most complex cases. Its utility is not only limited to curable diseases but also equally important in palliations. Enquiries in to these concepts will enlighten a homeopathic physician and help him to elevate his status, as a physician, capable of curing more patients.
Lecture I. On Chronic Diseases
Chapter i. Miasm – a general perspective
Chapter ii. The inquiry
Chapter iii. The opinions
Chapter iv. Organisms and miasms
Chapter v. New glimpses
Chapter vi. Clinical integration
Lecture II. Miasms – A Comparative Study with Case Histories
Chapter vii. Generals
Chapter viii. Mental features
Chapter ix. Study on regions
A total of 45 patient’s case details and their miasmatic evaluation with prescription, follow-up and outcome are well explained to elucidate the Hahnemannian concept of chronic disease in its finest levels.
First edition – 2015